Periodontal Health & Disease

The word "periodontal" literally means "around the tooth." The periodontal tissues include the gum, the aveolan bone and the ligaments that hold the tooth in the socket.

The healthy periodontal condition is characterized by firm, pink gums that do not bleed when brushed or flossed. There should be no mobility in the teeth. Healthy individuals will have clean breath and a happy, confident smile.

Periodontal disease is caused by bacterial plaque. Daily home care, including proper brushing and flossing is a must to prevent plaque buildup.
If plaque is not removed it will turn into a hard substance called calculus. If calculus develops below the gum line, you will be at increased risk for periodontal disease.

The amount of damage done to your gums and bone depends upon the complex interaction of the following factors:

Genetics

A family history of tooth loss may mean you are genetically predisposed to develop severe forms of periodontal disease. There is a new genetic test available to aid us in your diagnosis.

Poor Nutrition and Stress

These factors affect the body's ability to fight infection and also heal properly following treatment.

Smoking

Tobacco users are more likely to get periodontal disease and suffer from the more severe forms.

Pregnancy and Puberty

Hormonal changes can cause the gums to bleed easily and become red and tender. Pre-existing periodontal diseases can become more severe.

Systemic Diseases

A family history of tooth loss may mean you are genetically predisposed to develop severe forms of periodontal disease. There is a new genetic test available to aid us in your diagnosis.

Medications

Some drugs, such as oral contraceptives, anti-depressants and certain heart medications can affect your oral health.

For more information about Periodontal Health & Disease, or to schedule an appointment, please complete our online form or call 972-988-0808 or 888-988-9910.